All You Want to Know About Spider Vein
A spider vein is a red, purple or bluish fine and short line that usually develops under the surface of the skin. Though it can develop around any part of the body, it is usually found on the legs and ankles and sometimes on the face near the chin and nose. These veins appear in the form of a group or starburst clusters and often give an appearance of a spider web. Hence their name – spider veins.
Several factors lead to the formation of such veins. The most common cause is damaged valves. Blood flows through the veins and capillaries and valves fail to open, either holding back the blood and increasing the vein’s pressure, or extending branched capillaries, thus giving rise to the formation of spider veins under the skin’s surface.
Other causes that lead to the formation of a spider vein include heredity, age, gender, lifestyle, and pregnancy. Those who have a family history of spider veins are more likely to acquire it. People aged between 50 and 60 are at an increased risk of getting such veins. It is found that people who stand for long hours are also prone to spider veins. During pregnancy, there is an increase in the amount of blood that flows through the veins which results in the weakening of the vein walls and formation of spider veins.
Normally, a spider vein measures between 1 and 3 mm but these can become larger too. When these veins become larger, they cause pain and discomfort in the legs, heaviness, cramps, soreness, and itching.
There are various treatments available to cure a spider vein. One can use spider vein creams and skin care products containing vitamin K. Vitamin K helps strengthen the vein walls and help in healing and eliminating the spider vein if used for several months. But compared to this, laser surgery is a much better spider vein treatment.
In laser surgery, laser rays are used to cut off blood supply to the damaged valve and vein branch by burning the blocked blood vessels. Laser surgery is an out-patient treatment and is usually done in a hospital or a specialised skin-care clinic under the guidance and surveillance of expert skin care professionals or surgeons. The results of laser spider vein treatment are permanent and in most cases one doesn’t get them again after the surgery.